Temple’s name comes from the famous military order of the Knights Templar.
In 1153 David I granted them the manor and chapel of the place now known as Temple in Midlothian. And it was here that they established their chief house in Scotland until the order was suppressed in 1312.
The order of the Temple was founded to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land against attack by the Saracens. For this they were granted with gifts of land in England and Scotland.
In the late 1200s (13th century) and early 1300s (14th century) while England and Scotland were at conflict with each other there was a “lull” between battles, and it was a short period when the English controlled most Midlothian areas until the supremacy of Robert the Bruce at the battle of Bannockburn in 1314.
He having made up his own mind and no longer influenced by some of the clan chieftains who wanted to trade with England and having been given land there by English monarchs, was reluctant to have any conflict.
Read more of Author and historian Raymond E.O.Ella’s feature in this week’s Advertiser, out now.