l Sow hardy annuals, sweet peas and lettuces to overwinter under grass. Sweet peas can also be sown direct in the ground in mild areas and protected with cloches.
l Continue to plant trees, shrubs, herbaceous plants and alpines.
l Lift gladioli and other summer-flowering corms such as ixias and sparaxis as soon as the foliage has been blackened by frost.
l Add compost or well-rotted manure to ground which has been dug for new beds.
l Overwinter chrysanthemums in a cold frame, cutting the stems to around 15cm (6in) and cutting off all green flowering shoots at ground level.
l Plant container-grown clematis 5-8cm (2-3in) deeper than the soil level in the container to help protect the lower stem buds from clematis wilt.
l Continue to pick and store late-maturing varieties of apples and pears.
l As the weather gets colder, cover fruiting strawberries with cloches, tunnels of plastic sheeting or horticultural fleece.
l Reduce damping down and watering in the greenhouse as the days become shorter and the nights get colder.
l Leave old growth, stalks and seed heads on plants in the herb garden to provide nourishment for the birds and a shelter for beneficial insects such as butterflies and moths.
l Plant Pacific Coast (Californian hybrid) irises, soaking the roots of new plants in water overnight before planting in slightly acidic soil with added leaf mould or humus.