This is the Solemn League and Covenant of 1643 for the parish of Newbattle.
It was a printed document which was sent round the country for subscription. The covenant appeals to the English to adopt Scottish Presbyterianism.
It is signed by the Earl of Lothian, Robert Leighton, afterwards Archbishop of Glasgow, and others.
The term ‘covenant’ was after the Covenant between God and the Israelites in the Old Testament.
It was around this time the leaders of the English Parliament, concerned in the English Civil War, sought the aid of the Scots.
Following considerable debate, a document called the Solemn League and Covenant was drawn up. This treaty called for the preservation of the reformed religion in Scotland and the reformation of religion in England and Ireland.
Photo: Scran/National Museums Scotland
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